Smooth, flawless skin is an indication of beauty. However, large or clogged pores make skin appear bumpy, rough and aged. We’ve got good news, there are many practical ways to take care of this.
How to large pores occur?
Your skin naturally produces sebum (oil) to regulate, moisturise and protect itself. However, when the sebum level goes out of balance due to environmental triggers, hormonal issues, diet or wrong products, your skin becomes clogged as it over produces sebum. The excess oil and dead skin cells get trapped in pores causing them to enlarge and appear unsightly.
Give yourself a quick check.
With clean hands, run your fingers along your cheeks and chin. Does it feel uneven? If it does, chances are the pores are enlarged and congested. You could also visually identity enlarged, congested pores by using a mirror to check your T-zone (centre of forehead and nose). You would be able to spot enlarged pores, blackheads or whiteheads.
Main causes of enlarged pores
Aging, sun-damage, blue light or HEV light damage
UV rays and HEV (High Energy Visible Light) or blue light (the kind of light that gets emitted from our phones, tablets, and computers) causes elastin and collagen to breakdown, causing skin to lose its structure, thus making skin sag downwards, pulling on the pores and making them look larger. Sometimes when pores start to ‘link’ due to the pulling, it makes it appear even more enlarged.
This is one of the main culprits. Sometimes over treatment of skin can cause sebum to overproduce or skin to dry out. The irony is that when skin is dehydrated, sebaceous glands tend to produce more oil in defense, causing the congestion cycle.
We all know the importance of sleep and diet for beautiful skin. Sufficient rest gives skin enough time to detox and restore. And a nutritious diet gives your skin the building blocks to create healthy skin.
Damaged Skin Barrier
The skin barrier is the outermost layer of your skin consisting of skin cells and protein-based substances that hold the cells together like glue. It is the layer of protection which blocks out damaging intruders like pollution, smoke, UV and harmful substances, so that internally skin can function well. When the skin barrier is compromised, symptoms like enlarged pores, skin tightness, dryness, redness, itching, and sensitized skin occur.
Start with healthy exfoliation
Sometimes your skin needs help to improve it’s natural shedding process. This is to clear up dead skin cells and provide fresh environment for new cells to flourish. Consider a BHA (Beta Hydroxy Acids) or AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acids) exfoliant in the right dosage. Other gentle but effective options are enzyme-based exfoliants. Consult with your skincare provider.
It is important to keep skin clean. However, many tend to over-cleanse without even realising it. You should remove all makeup at the end of the day with a cleansing milk or micellar water, followed by an appropriate wash-off cleanser. In the morning, after you wake, a gentle milk based cleanser is usually enough for most people. However for those who are prone to oil skin or acne, a stronger cleanser is required. Over cleansing can strip your skin of precious oils and the skin barrier, causing the congestion cycle to start.
Use the right serums and moisturisers to protect your skin through the day and while you sleep. Consult your skincare provider on your skin requirements.
Serums reach deeper layers to work on skin’s internal structure, while moisturisers protect the skin surface and skin barrier. And definitely use a sunblock!
While you sleep at night, your skin is doing major detox and restoration, use appropriate recovery serums and treatments to aid in the process.
As different skin conditions require different treatments, it is always best to consult your skincare provider.
Want to learn more on how to take care of your skin? Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org and we would gladly get you started!